Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)

The Inkatha Freedom Party began as the Inkatha National Cultural Liberation Movement and was transformed into a political party in July 1990, championing federalism as the best political option for South Africa.
The IFP believes in integrating traditional leadership into the system of governance by recognising traditional communities as models of societal organisation.
The Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) draws its support largely from Zulu-speaking South Africans. Its strongholds are the rural areas of KwaZulu-Natal and the migrant workers’ hostels in the metropolitan areas of Gauteng.
The party celebrated its 40th anniversary on 21 March 2015.

Mangosuthu Buthelezi has led the IFP since he founded it as the Inkatha National Cultural Liberation Movement in 1975.
His political career dates back to the 1940s, when he joined the ANC Youth League while studying at Fort Hare University.

In 1953 he took up a position as chief of the Buthelezi clan, and in 1970 was appointed head of the KwaZulu Territorial Authority in terms of the apartheid-era Bantu Administration Act.

He became the homeland's chief minister in 1976.

In the 2011 local government elections, the IFP drew support from 3.94% South Africans (1 360 340 votes). As a result, the party won five councils in KZN.
In the 2014 elections, the IFP won only 2.4% of the national vote which gave the party 10 seats in parliament.
At a provincial level, the party has representation in Gauteng (0.8% or 1 seat) and KwaZulu-Natal (10.9% or 9 seats).

The IFP is yet to launch its 2016 local government election manifesto

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